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Comparing Excel Office Scripts and VBA | The In-Depth Analysis

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Comparing Excel Office Scripts and VBA | The In-Depth Analysis

A Deep Look at the Differences Between Excel Office Scripts and VBA

Microsoft Excel has been a mainstay in the business world for a long time because of how well it can handle data. From VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) to the more recent Excel Office Scripts, it gives users a wide range of programming tools to simplify tasks and automate complex processes. Today, we’ll talk about the differences between Excel Office Scripts and traditional VBA code, as well as the pros and cons of each.

What are VBA and Excel Office Scripts?

As part of Office 365, Excel Office Scripts was added as a tool. Users can use JavaScript or Typescript to automate jobs right in the cloud. This programming tool makes it easy and safe to control and change the features of Excel Online.

On the other hand, VBA, which stands for Visual Basic for Applications, is a system that has been around for a long time and has been built into Excel. It uses the programming language Visual Basic to automate jobs in Excel. Usually, this is done by making macros.

Excel Office Scripts and VBA side by side


Excel Office Scripts is built on JavaScript, which is a language that is used all over the web and is known for its flexibility. This can make it easy for people who know how to build websites to learn and use.

Visual Basic, a language made by Microsoft, is used by VBA, which is not used as often outside of Microsoft apps. This can make it harder for people who don’t know the language to learn it.


Excel Office Scripts is made to work with Excel Online, which is a web-based version of Excel. This means that scripts can be shared and used on many different devices without having to be compatible with each one.

VBA is mostly used in PC versions of Excel, which makes it less easy to use on different devices. VBA macros are saved at the workbook level and usually can’t be shared or run on different devices unless the whole worksheet is shared.


Excel Office Scripts is safer because it runs in a lab. This means that it doesn’t have as much access to the user’s system, which lowers the risks.

Even though VBA is strong and flexible, it is known to be a security risk, especially when codes are downloaded from places that can’t be trusted. It can have direct access to the user’s system, which could be used wrongly if not treated correctly.

Pros and Cons in Scripts for Excel Office

JavaScript VBA
  • Uses JavaScript, a language that is easy to understand and flexible.
  • Cloud-based, which makes it easier to use on different devices.
  • Sandbox setting has made security better.
  • Modern web service connections are possible because of JavaScript.
  • Mature and strong, with a lot of different functions.
  • Allows for automation and customization of a high level.
  • This is a core feature of Excel and doesn’t require a separate subscription.
  • Excel desktop versions don’t have the same level of help as Excel Online.
  • Still in its early stages, which means it might not have all of VBA’s advanced features.
  • Users must sign up for Office 365.
  • Visual Basic is a language that isn’t used as often.
  • Mostly tied to Excel desktop versions.
  • Can pose a security risk if macros are misused.

The End Result

Excel Office Scripts and VBA are both strong ways to automate tasks in Excel, and each has its own pros and cons. VBA is a tool that has been around for a long time and has a wide range of uses. However, Excel Office Scripts offers newer, cloud-based options that fit better with today’s web-based workflows.

Your organization’s needs, such as security, accessibility, and the complexity of the jobs you want to automate, will be a big part of how you decide between these two.

As the best custom Excel development company, we can point you in the right way based on your specific needs. Let’s help you get the most out of Excel, whether you want to use the newer Office Scripts or the more familiar VBA.