IsEmpty Function in Microsoft Excel

The Excel IsEmptyFunction is used to determine whether a variable has ever been initialized i.e. has a value ever been assigned to the variable.

The Basics:


True/False =

It is important to remember that the
IsEmptyExcel Function is only effective to use on Variant variables. The reason for that is that other variables already have a default value assigned on variable declaration. Now. let us look at an example.


Dim VariableToEvaluate As Variant

 If IsEmpty(VariableToEvaluate) Then MsgBox “Message 1: Correct no value has yet been assigned to variable VariableToEvaluate”

 VariableToEvaluate = “Test value”

 If IsEmpty(VariableToEvaluate) Then MsgBox “Message 2: Correct no value has yet been assigned to variable VariableToEvaluate”



An effective way to evaluate if a value has been assigned to any variable is to use the following command len(trim(Variable))>0. No matter what type of variable is used if it contains a value this function will identify it.




 ‘Declare variables

 Dim StringToProcess As String’Variable string to process

 Dim arrValues() As String’String Array

 Dim A, B As Long’Value to use as a counter

 Dim tmpValue As Variant

 Dim Check As Boolean


 StringToProcess = ActiveSheet.Cells(2, 1).Value ‘Assign the information to process to our variable

 arrValues() = Split(StringToProcess, ” “) ‘Parse the string into a string array using a space delimiter

 Counter = 5


For A = LBound(arrValues) To UBound(arrValues)

 Check = IsNumeric(arrValues(A))

If Check Then


 ActiveSheet.Cells(Counter, 1).Value = CDbl(arrValues(A))

Counter = Counter + 1


End If